Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization - STIPRO

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Category: COMPLETED PROJECTS
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folder_grey.png COMPLETED PROJECTS Files: 10

CURRENT AND FUTURE RESEARCH AREAS

These include but not limited to:

  • Agriculture and Food Security, especially thelinkage between the agricultural sector and the industrial sector (agro processing).

  • Industrial sector; studying sub-sectoral innovation systems, with the view to improve industrial innovative capacities.
  • Health Innovation Systems; including capabilities to invest in pharmaceuticals resulting from the R&D efforts on medicinal plants, indigenous knowledge, etc.

  • Technological issues related to rural water supply and energy.

  • Interface between environmental issues and technology.

  • Issues related to technology transfer; and the inter-relationships between science, technology and innovation.

  • Analysis of national systems of innovation in general, including cluster studies.

  • Globalization, Trade, Investment and Innovation

  • Studies on ICT and its impact on other sectors.

Below are our past and current Research Projects;

 
Files:
pdf.png Tanzania Cluster Initiative Project HOT

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An Evaluation Report from the 8 Cluster Initiatives

Tanzania’s eight cluster initiatives (CI) project was launched in January 2006. The SIDA-funded project is the first such project to have ever been embarked on in Tanzania, and therefore a trial project that was planned to run for 18 months. The mid-term evaluation for the project was done in July and August 2006.



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2015-12-17
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pdf.png REPOA SSI POJECT PART I HOT

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REPOA -SSI I Report: An Analysis of the Sectoral Systems of Innovation

The establishment of Research on Poverty Alleviation ( REPOA ), a national policy think tank, was informed by the need to focus research on poverty issues. REPOA has proposed four key research themes: growth and poverty; vulnerability and social protection; social, political and cultural dimensions of poverty; and environment and agriculture. In addition, REPOA's research programme has three cross cutting themes: gender, governance and technology.



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2015-11-04
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pdf.png The FDI Report in Local Technological Capability Building HOT

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The FDI Report in Local Technological Capability Building

Foreign Direct Investments (FDIs) have been found to be important aspects of economic development of host countries, and crucial, in building technological capabilities of local companies in developing countries. It is a channel for international diffusion of technology, having the potential to transfer technological, organizational and managerial practices to developing countries, which may, in the long run, lead to higher technological capabilities, and innovation, resulting in economic growth in these countries.



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2015-11-04
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pdf.png Tanzania Cluster Initiative Project Evaluation Report HOT

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Tanzania Cluster Initiative Project Evaluation Report.

The Cluster Initiative project is the outcome of the first Conference on Innovation Systems and Innovative Clusters in Africa held in 2004 in Tanzania, and Co-organized by the College of Engineering and technology (CoET) of the University of Dar Es Salaam. The broad objective of the conference was to establish the status of innovation systems and innovative clusters in Africa.



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2015-11-04
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pdf.png The Role of Foreign Direct Investment HOT

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The Role of Foreign Direct Investment



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2015-09-26
1.01 MB
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pdf.png Diffusion of Innovation in Tanzania Rural Food Processing HOT

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A Case of Sunflower and Palm Oil

ABSTRACT

Tanzania rural areas are endowed with resources capable to increase edible oil supply in the country hence saving foreign currency spent on importation of oil. This requires rural oil ventures to be innovative in the production process. The main purpose of this study was to assess the extent of diffusion of innovations to rural sunflower and palm oil ventures. The study findings reveal that diffusion of innovation is more taking place in rural sunflower than palm oil ventures. Sunflower oil processors increased oil performance by adopting new types of machines to their equipment. Diffusion of innovation in rural ventures was facilitated by availability of electricity, increased quality of oilseeds, flow of information about new technologies from competitors, suppliers of machines, SIDO, media and technological centres. Sunflower oil benefited much from these factors as they had established along electricity line and had facilities to link with oilseeds business persons who further transferred knowledge about new machines and processes. Whereas rural sunflower oil processors were constrained by lack of enough oilseeds that would stimulate need for advanced technologies, palm oil processors were mostly constrained by lack of power supply, lack of information on new technologies as due to poor communication channels between machine makers and rural oil processors, lack of linkages with refinery plants and poor funding of technological centres towards technology dissemination to boost up the industry in the rural setting. The government is therefore urged to stimulate, strengthen and coordinate linkages between rural oil processors, machine makers, refining plants and technological centres. Further, the government should train rural oilseeds farmers and oil producers on entrepreneurship in order to materialise growth among rural oil processing firms, and lastly, rural oil producers should establish and strengthen unions to deal appropriately with innovation challenges they are facing in production.



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2015-09-24
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pdf.png Science, Technology and Innovation for Poverty Reduction in Tanzania HOT

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Abstract

Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. Like many other poor countries and in particular African countries, it is grappling with the poverty challenge nearly five decades after independence. A growing body of literature on poverty identifies a critical link between poverty reduction, growth and technology. Using the concept of Sectoral Systems of Innovation (SSI) this study examines the deficiencies in the three sectoral system of innovation in the Tanzania national economy. The study is divided into two parts: part one to which this report belong, maps out, analyses and determine the level of adequacy of the supply side of the three sectoral systems of innovation. The study argues that while most of the system elements for all the three sectors are in place, two major challenges are found to be facing the policies. One is that they are not explicit on how to facilitate the interaction of the actors in the sectoral systems of innovation. And second, most of the policies are of the supply side type, with no trace of demand side innovation policies. Part two of the study is envisioned to determine the impact of the supply side elements on the innovativeness of the producers and service providers (demand side of the innovation).



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2015-09-24
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pdf.png Sectoral Systems of Innovation - Part II HOT

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Science, Technology and Innovation for Poverty Reduction in Tanzania: An Analysis of the Sectoral Systems of Innovation

Part II

This project is a continuation of part I one of the project on sectoral systems of innovation in Tanzania that endeavored to map out systems of innovation in three sectors of the Tanzanian economy, namely agriculture, industry and health. This project is led by Bitrina Diyamett and involves 4 senior researchers and 2 part time junior researchers. The overall objective of the whole project (Part I&II) is to identify constraints that are inhibiting a good performance of the three systems in terms of innovation outputs (new and improved products and processes). Given the problems identified in phase I regarding supply side factors the major objectives of the research in this part II are to examine the demand side of innovation in the three sectors. Phase II is designed to illuminate on the actual impact of the reviewed policies and activities of the supply side organizations on the innovativeness of the producers and service providers in the three reviewed sectors.



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2015-09-24
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pdf.png Sectoral Systems of Innovation - Part I HOT

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Science, Technology and Innovation for Poverty Reduction in Tanzania: An Analysis of the Sectoral Systems of Innovation

Part I

Phase I of the study was led by Bitrina Diyamett and involved three senior researchers and was completed in spring 2010. The research that was performed found out that all the three sectors selected for this study have necessary supply side actors in place, with the agricultural sector being the most diverse, possibly for historical reasons, where many different rural development strategies have been tried since independence. The three sectors have R&D organizations, training institutions, professional associations and financial institutions. In addition to R&D and professional associations, agriculture has extension services that cater for the linkage between research outputs and farmers and training organizations that train both researchers and extension service providers. Furthermore, there are various input suppliers and agro dealers that provide farmers with inputs required in their production activities. There are also financial institutions whose presences go deep down into the rural community, albeit with marginal coverage. Despite this impressive system, the performance of the sector has been very marginal means and the system is thus inefficient. The inefficiency may be due to one or all of the following: lack of linkage among the actors, wrong institutional arrangement (the way actors are connected), inadequacy of the actors, contraction within the actors that result into rigidities, presence of unnecessary actors. It can also mean that the supply side is adequate, but the problem emanate from the markets for the products. This problem can very seriously stifle innovation.



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2015-09-24
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pdf.png FDI Report-3rd Sept 2011 HOT

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Foreign Direct Investment and Technological Capability Building in Least Developed Countries: The Case of Tanzania

STIPRO has conducted a project entitled “Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Technological Capability Building in Least Developed Countries: The Case of Tanzania”. The project was led by Dr. Astrid Szogs and involves 2 senior researchers and 4 project employed junior researchers. The major objective of the project was to identify factors that facilitate or hinder knowledge flows and technological learning between local companies and multinational enterprises for the purpose of informing both industrial and innovation policies in the country. The project covered three sectors: manufacturing, mining and agriculture in the following regions: Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Mwanza, Kilimanjaro, Tanga, Shinyanga and Mbeya.

Download our Policy Briefs below:-



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2015-09-21
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