Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Research Organization - STIPRO

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Category: POLICY BRIEF
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pdf.png Local Content Development and Technological Capability Building in the Oil and Gas Sector_2017

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Local content is increasingly adopted by the resources rich countries as a strategy with potential benefit to the national economy. Local content as defined in the Tanzanian local content policy 2014 is “the added value brought to the country in the activities of the oil and gas industry through the participation and development of local businesses through national labour, technology, goods, services, capital, and research capabilities” (URT, 2014). Thus, local content serves as an intervention to ensure that the majority of a competent workforce as well as other inputs and services required at each stage of oil and gas value chain are largely locally supplied.



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2017-05-03
1.25 MB
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pdf.png POLICY BRIEF FINAL_28_APRIL_2016 HOT

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This brief is focused on how to best achieve sustainable development under the situation of multiplicity and complexity of the goals and targets that need to be achieved by 2030: We see – as is seen elsewhere – the challenge of focusing on, and monitoring every individual goal of the 17 goals of this agenda.



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2016-05-03
2.42 MB
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pdf.png FDI-Mining HOT

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a key factor in the economic development of host countries. Among other reasons, they are a channel for international diffusion of technological, organizational and managerial practices thereby building the technological capabilities of local companies. This should, in the long run, lead to higher technological capabilities, and innovation.



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2015-09-14
572.26 KB
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pdf.png FDI-Manufacturing HOT

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Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has been identified as a key factor in the economic development of host countries. Among other reasons, they are a channel for international diffusion of technological, organizational and managerial practices thereby building the technological capabilities of local companies. This should, in the long run, lead to higher technological capabilities, and innovation. FDI is thus an important channel for integration of underdeveloped countries into the globalization process, as shown by late entrants into globalised systems such as Malaysia, Mexico and Costa Rica.



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2015-09-14
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pdf.png FDI-Agriculture HOT

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Agriculture is the backbone of the Tanzanian national economy. It accounts for 26% of the gross domestic product (GDP) and provides employment opportunities to about 80% of Tanzanians. The agricultural sector has considerable potential forwealth creation and poverty reduction in the country, but it is dominated by low productivity smallholder farms. Large scale farming occupies only about 15% of the cultivated land or 3.4% of the cultivable area1. The latest initiative to revive the agricultural sector is the “Kilimo Kwanza” agricultural strategy. The strategy encourages investments, and one of its ten pillars is effective use of science and technology to increase agricultural productivity.



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2015-09-14
480.53 KB
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pdf.png The Utility Value of Research and Development (R&D) HOT

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Investments in research and development (R&D) are currently being taken as one of the major measure of levels of innovativeness of companies and countries in general, and by implication, socio and economic development. While the positive relationship between investment in R&D and social and economic development can not be denied (most countries that commit a remarkable proportion of their GDP to R&D are the rich ones), the direction of causality is very much questionable.



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2015-09-14
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pdf.png Research and evidence based policy making for innovation HOT

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This policy brief aims to draw attention to the importance of policy research in policy making. Policies, whether social or economic, are essential elements in development goals. They are tools used by governments to correct market failures in the allocation of resources in the market economy. These failures can be things such as externalities, inadequate provision of desired goods, lack of competition and information problems, which can most likely hamper pre-determined development goals and visions.



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2015-09-14
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